Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee is called the man of the masses, a three-time Prime Minister of India who served indelibly for over nine decades. His date of birth is December 25th, 1924. He has established his place in history as one of India's most distinguished figures and one who fomented utmost greatness. We will look into some of his greatest achievements in this Atal Bihari Vajpayee biography.
Childhood and Early Life
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born in a Hindu Brahmin family in Gwalior. After finishing school, he went to Victoria College and then to DAV College to complete his postgraduate education. He then pursued law but left it due to the partition riots of 1947.
Atal was an active member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh before joining as a volunteer or vistarak to rise up to the rank of ‘Swayamsevak’ (a full-time worker). He worked for several newspapers, including Panchjanya (a weekly Hindi), Rashtra Dharma (a monthly Hindi), and Swadesh and Veer Arjun (dailies) as a Swayamsevak in Uttar Pradesh.
One of India's most famous statesmen and prime ministers, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, began his career in journalism during the Indian Independence Movement. Using this position as a platform for public speaking and advocating for more freedom, he eventually went on to create what is now the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
He was originally appointed as the national secretary of the party, then made in charge of the northern region, and later became the leader of Bharatiya Janata Party. Following the demise of Deendayal Upadhyaya, Atal was promoted to the head of their organization. His oratory skills were a key factor in making sure that he communicated their policies brilliantly.
With nine years and two Senate terms under his belt, Atal Bihari Vajpayee is a veteran Parliamentarian.
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History as Prime Minister
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was India's tenth Prime Minister. He served in office for three terms, beginning in 1996 and ending with his resignation after 16 days in 1996. His diverse and competitive political career is quite remarkable, even compared to the rest of the country’s history.
His second term as Prime Minister started after the 1998 general elections, which resulted in the formation of the National Democratic Alliance. This Atal Bihari Vajpayee leadership lasted for a total of 13 months.
When Atal Bihari Vajpayee ran for Prime Minister, he was the only candidate to have run for 2 successive terms. Since Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the only person elected to become Prime Minister of India.
He was also a true advocate of social equality and an ardent champion of empowerment for women. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee believed that India needed to meet the challenges in the years to come. This meant continuing to incorporate 5000 years of civilizational history but also continuing to modernize and renew itself by adopting new technology.
When Atal Bihari Vajpayee was criticized for testing nuclear weapons in 1998, he assumed a stubborn defying posture and when leaders on both sides of the border tried to negotiate with Pakistan and India, he took charge to make the efforts. This resulted in a decade of steady growth and aided India's rise as an IT nation quickly.
Despite its achievements, the Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led Indian government was plagued with shortcomings. The less economically viable section of Indian society often felt left out in the path of economic growth yet was criticized for its cumbersome response to the Gujarat riots that took place in 2002. On top of these incidents, his government also started divesting public funds from a number of industries run by the state. In 2004, he lost power and retired from active politics on December 25th, 2005.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee never married, and he was a bachelor his entire life. Like many other leaders, he adopted a daughter to take care of her - Rajkumari Kaul and Prof B. N. Kaul's daughter Namita Bhattacharya. The family lived with him in his residence for the last four decades. He passed away on August 16, 2018.
Apart from his political career, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a well-respected poet. He wrote poems in Hindi, among them, "Kaidi Kaviraj Ki Kundalini" and "Amar aag hai."
Recognized for his selfless dedication, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was conferred with India's highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna. He dedicated more than 50 years of his life to service society and the nation. He was named the 'Best Parliamentarian' in 1994.
Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was not only an eminent national leader but also a prominent politician and social worker. His multiple skills enabled him to be the multi-faceted personality the country needed. His works reflect his dedication to nationalism and his efforts to articulate the aspirations of the people, which echoed loudly and profoundly through his work.
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