Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was widely popular as Babasaheb Ambedkar, and everyone knows that he helped create the Indian Constitution with his effort. He was a well-known politician, eminent jurist, Buddhist activist, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, orator, and writer too.
Dr. Ambedkar fought for the rights of diverse peoples during his life to eradicate social evils like untouchability, and he achieved that on several occasions - even achieving positions such as India's first-ever Law Minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. Dr. Ambedkar also was honored posthumously with the prestigious Bharat Ratna award in 1990.
Bhim Rao Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891, in Madhya Pradesh. He was the fourteenth child of his parents and faced severe discrimination in every corner of society. Ambedkar's father was a military officer. He lived at Mhow Cantonment. The world viewed the Mahar caste as untouchable, but that didn't slow down Ambedkar.
It wasn't long before Ambedkar's life was marred with discrimination and humiliation. He spent his childhood in poverty and then went on to live a tumultuous life as he studied at different schools around the country. His circumstances grew much worse when he was born into a time when only castes such as Warrior (Brahmin), Spinner (Kshatriya), or Farmer (Vaisya) were accepted into schools, leading to him being discriminated against throughout school, often for being half caste-Shudras like himself. As soon as he graduated from high school, Ambedkar was ready to take on the world of law with scholarships from Baroda ruler Sayaji Rao III.
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Ambedkar was a graduate of Bombay University in 1912 when he went to the U.S. for higher education, returning to India to work at home as an economist and politician.
Fight For Justice
After returning from the US, Ambedkar was appointed as the defense secretary to the King of Baroda. It was a contentious choice that had him face humiliation because he was an 'Untouchable'. Moving on to continue his studies in England, Ambedkar went to England without any expense paid by anybody.
He was awarded the honor of D.Sc. by London University. On 8 June 1927, he was awarded a Doctorate by the University of Columbia.
After returning to India, Bhimrao Ambedkar observed that caste discrimination was almost fragmenting the Nation so he decided to fight against it. Ambedkar favored the concept of providing reservations for Dalits and other religious communities. Ambedkar launched a newspaper called "Mooknayaka" (leader of the silent). Once after hearing his speech at a rally, Shahu IV, an influential ruler of Kolhapur dined with the leader. This incident created a huge uproar in the socio-political arena of the country.
Ambedkar ardently believed that education should not be limited to a particular group of people. B. R. Ambedkar Open University was established by an act of the Andhra Pradesh State Legislature in 1982 and is today one of India's leading universities. The university produces some world-class research, and it remains a core priority for the intellectual development of the country.
Dr. Ambedkar has always been a source of inspiration and hope for India's downtrodden, and he continues to remain so in today's society. Early on in his life, the doctor was unable to see due to diabetes and weak eyesight. On 6 December 1956, Dr. Ambedkar passed away after a long and hard-fought battle with death at his Delhi home.
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For more information visit: Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Biography