Chandra Shekhar Tiwari was an Indian revolutionary and freedom fighter who founded the Hindustan Republican Association. After the deaths of the founders of the Hindustan Republican Association, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent members, he reorganized the group under the new name of the Hindustan Socialist Republication Association. When signing pamphlets, he often used the alias "Balraj".
Chandra Shekhar Azad's History of His Early Life, Family, and Education
Chandrashekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906. Chandrasekhar Azad was born in the Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. He used to be known as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari.
Chandrasekhar Azad's father was named Sitaram Tiwari and his mother was named Jagrani Devi.His early education began at Bhavra. Later in his life, he went to Kashi Vidyapeeth for his higher education.
Young Chandrasekhar became involved in revolutionary activities at a young age and joined the non-cooperation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi to protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. When he was 15, he was captured by British soldiers and sentenced to 15 lashes. He spent his first months in prison there. From this moment onwards, he also came to be known as Chandrashekhar Azad.
Revolutionary Activities of Chandra Shekhar Azad
Mahatma Gandhi suspended the Non-Cooperation movement in 1922 after the Chauri-Chaura incident, which was a huge blow to Azad's nationalist sentiment.
He then decided that a more massive approach would be better for achieving his goal. He met a lot of young Revolutionary Leaders in India during this period.
In 1923, Ram Prasad Bismil, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Shachindra Nath Bakshi, and Ashfaqulla Khan founded the Hindustan Republican Association.
Chandra Shekhar Azad met Manmath Nath Gupta, who introduced him to Ram Prasad Bismil, the founder of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary group.
He then became a member of the Hindustan Republican Association and began raising funds for it. Robberies of government property are used to raise the rest of the funds.
The year 1925 saw a mass robbery of the Kakori Train by revolutionaries. In the time between 1928 and 1929, he shot JP Saunders in retaliation for Lala Lajpat Rai's death. He also tried to blow away the Viceroy's train in 1929 but was caught by Indian authorities. Clamping down on revolutionary movements was the last thing India needed following the Kakori train robbery.
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Thakur Roshan Singh, Prasad, and Rajendra Nath Lahiri have all recently been found guilty and sentenced to death. Ashfaqulla Khan, who was found guilty yet escaped death charges, will receive a lighter sentence of lifelong imprisonment.
Azad, Keshab Chakravarthy, and Murari Sharma were able to escape from the authorities.
With the help of revolutionaries such as Sheo Verma and Mahaveer Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad reorganized the HRA.
On September 9, 1928, Bhagat Singh and Azad renamed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. This action was taken to help them achieve their primary goal of a socialist-based independent India.
For a time, Azad made Jhansi the headquarters of his HRA organization. As an expert marksman, he also taught other members of his tribe to shoot in the Orchha forest. He practiced shooting in the forest 15 kilometers from Jhansi, where there was plenty of space for him to carry out his duties.
For a long time, he lived in a hut near a Hanuman temple on the banks of the Satar River under his alias of Pandit Harishankar Bramhachari.
He developed a relationship with the local residents by teaching children from the nearby village of Dharampura.
He enjoyed wheeling barrow packs of bricks from the Bundelkhand Motor Garage in Sadar Bazar to building his own small house on the outskirts of Jhansi.
Sadashivrao, Vishwanath, and Bhagwan joined his revolutionary party, becoming close friends with him.
Azad was loyal to his then-leaders; the late Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat, who recently passed away, and Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar.
He spent some time with friends at Rudra Narayan Singh's house, and Bhagwat's house for a while.
The Bundelkhand region of India was one of his most devoted supporters. Dewan Kesri Shatrughan Singh, the father of the Bundelkhand freedom movement, aided Azad financially and with arms and fighters.
Azad and Bhagat Singh
In 1923, the Hindustan Republican Association was formed with the help of Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Bismil, Sachindra Nath Bakshi, and Sachindra Nath Sanyal. By 1925, British authorities started suppressing revolutionaries who had been linked to the Kakori Train Robbery and other major revolutionary activities. As a part of their crackdown on dissenters, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Nath Lahiri, and Prasad were sentenced to death for their crimes in 1925.
When people like Murari Lal Gupta, Chakravarthy, Azad, and Keshab were in danger of capture, revolutionaries like Mahavir Singh and Shiv Verma helped organize the association.
Azad along with Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries secretly restructured the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) in 1928 so that they could achieve their primary goal of an independent India based on the idea of socialism.
The revolutionary activities of Chandrashekhar Azad are best described in the writing of Manmath Nath Gupta, a member of HSRA. Gupta has also dedicated a section in his book "History of the Indian Revolutionary Movement" to describe the works of Azad. This section is called "Chandrashekhar Azad".
Chandra Shekhar Azad Death
When he was surrounded by police, Chandra Shekhar Azad shot himself, dying in Alfred Park on 27 February 1931. His life has been featured in academia as part of the greater struggle for freedom and Indian nationalism.
After Veerbhadra Tiwari, the traitor told them he was in the park, the police surrounded him.
Sukhdev Raj successfully defended himself and attacked the three officers, which led to the greater attack that left three policemen dead and injured others. He was able to escape due to his actions.
Without warning, the body was taken to Rasulabad Ghat for cremation. Word got out and people were soon crowding the park in a show of support for the deceased. They chanted anti-British slogans, thanked Azad, and let riders know that this is not their fight.
Chandrashekhar Azad Quotes
Chandra Shekhar Azad made a series of slogans during the Indian Independence Movement, including:
Aisi jawaani kisi kaam ki nahi jo apni matra bhoomi ke kaam na aa sake.
Ab bhi jiska khoon na khaula khoon nahi wo pani hai, jo desh ke kaam na aaye woh bekar jawani hai (If yet your blood does not rage, then it is water that flows in your veins. For what is the flush of youth if it is not of service to the motherland).
Those without a burning passion inside are nothing but withered trees. Not having a purpose in life is essentially living in vain and aimlessly.
People around the globe follow a religion that promotes freedom, equality, and brotherhood.
It's important to realize that a plane is safe on the ground, but it's not made for that. Risk should always be considered when looking for a great height.
The history of Chandrashekhar Azad is an exciting read. No stone was left untouched, we got to know about his birthday, education, career, Revolution, and death.
Known for his organizational abilities, Chandrashekhar Azad was instrumental in the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association's reorganization. He desired full independence for India either way, though. To avenge Lala Lajpat Rai's murder, he assassinated British Assistant Superintendent of Police John Poyantz Saunders and became a wanted man as a result.
Despite being pursued by the cops, he eluded them for several years. He was Bhagat Singh's mentor and one of his friends betrayed him which led to his arrest by British police when he failed to arrive for court again. He fought valiantly but seeing no other way out, he shot himself to keep his promise of not being captured alive.
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