Gulzarilal Nanda was born on July 4, 1898 in Sialkot (Punjab). He was interested in labor problems and became a Professor of Economics at the National College (Bombay) in 1921. In 1922, he joined the Non-Cooperation Movement, and in 1932 he went to prison for Satyagraha on the bridge outside Lahore cantonment.
Shri Nanda was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1937 and served as Parliamentary Secretary of the Government of Bombay from 1937-1939. He later became the Labour Minister of the Bombay Government (1946-1950). He successfully shepherded a Labor Disputes Bill through the state assembly during this time. The Kasturba Memorial Trust, Hindustan Mazdoor Sevak Sangh, and Bombay Housing Board were among his other accomplishments. Shri Nanda played an instrumental role in organizing Indian National Trade Union Congress and became its President.
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In 1947, he went to Switzerland as a Government delegate to the International Labour Conference. He worked on the ‘The Freedom of Association Committee appointed by the Conference and visited many European countries. There, he studied labor conditions.
In March 1950, he joined the Planning Commission as Vice-Chairman, and in September, 1951 took over as Planning Minister of India. His portfolios included Irrigation and Power. He was elected to the house of people from Bombay in the first general elections in 1952 and re-elected minister for Planning, Irrigation, and power. In 1955 he led the Indian delegation to the Plan consultative committee held in Singapore.
Shri Nanda was elected to the Lok towards the end of 1957. He was appointed Union Minister for Labour, Employment & Planning and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission. In 1959, he visited Yugoslavia, Austria, and Germany on a diplomatic trip.
He was re-elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1962 general elections. In 1962, he started the Congress Forum for Socialist Action. From 1963 to 1966, he was the Union Minister of Home Affairs.
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