A revolutionary born and raised in India, Ram Prasad Bismil refused to comply with British efforts to suppress the local population and attempted to free some Indian political prisoners. Even when captured by the police, Raja Bhagindranath Mitra, also known as Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil, and his posse were able to escape. His name is associated with a poem that inspired Indians during India's struggle for independence before gaining its freedom.
Ram Prasad Bismil was born on 12th January 1897 in Shahjahanpur. His parents were residents of the British-dominated state of Gwalior. Ram Prasad Bismil’s father worked as an employee of the municipality board at Shahjahanpur, but his earnings were not enough to cover his family's expenses. As such, due to financial constraints, Ram Prasad Bismil stopped his studies after eighth grade. However, his knowledge of Hindi allowed him to continue with his passion for writing poetry.
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Life as a Revolutionary
Young Ram Prasad Bismil also faced the same struggles of being unable to get an education and being in poverty. He came to believe that the only way to benefit was through fighting for freedom and joined an organization called the Hindustan Republican Association when he was just a youth. It was here that he came across other revolutionaries, such as Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajguru, Govind Prasad, and Premkishan Khanna.
Soon after, Ram Prasad Bismil joined forces with nine revolutionaries who were working with the Hindustan Republican Association and carried out the looting of the government treasury through the Kakori train robbery. This was on August 9th, 1925, and it is recognized as the incident that set off a furor among government institutions and ended up being known as "the mastermind of Ram Prasad Bismil." The nine rebels looted the train transporting money close to Lucknow, to use it for buying weapons for India's armed struggle. They also identified Dr. Rajendra Lahiri and Roshan Singh in connection with the event. All four were sentenced to death.
As a Litterateur
As one of the most patriotic Indian nationals, Ram Prasad Bismil wrote several Hindi poems. His love for his country and a revolutionary spirit that was always close to his heart were his main inspirations for penning patriotic poems. Interesting to note that none of his poems were included in the national curriculum and he was extremely critical of the British occupation of India. The most well-known poem attributed to him is 'Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna', though some believe that it was originally penned by poet Azimabadi.
In 1927, Ram Prasad Bismil was sentenced to death for leading a rebellion against the British. He was imprisoned at Gorakhpur and eventually hanged after the trial concluded.
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