Ramanujan Srinivasa was an Indian mathematician who discovered partition functions' properties.
He was born December 22, 1887, in Erode, India. He died on April 26, 1920, Kumbakonam.
When 15-year-old Ramanujan's father gave him a copy of George Shoobridge Carr's Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics years later, he became enthralled with the work. He made many discoveries based on this book before going beyond it and using his own ideas. The following year, he registered for a scholarship to the University of Madras but lost it because he was too focused on mathematics.
Then, after marrying in 1909, Ramanujan began the search for permanent employment which culminated in an interview with Ramachandra Rao, a government official. After being impressed with Ramanujan's mathematical prowess, Rao supported his research for some time, but Ramanujan refused to exist on charity and took up a job with the Madras Port Trust as a clerk.
Ramanujan published his first paper in the Indian Mathematical Society Journal in 1911. His genius gradually gained recognition, and he began a correspondence with the British mathematician Godfrey H. Hardy in 1913, which resulted in him receiving a special scholarship from the University of Madras and a grant from Trinity College, Cambridge.
Ramanujan went to England in 1914 despite his religious objections, where Hardy tutored him and collaborated with him.
Though brilliant, great mathematician G. Ramanujan wasn't the best at following modern developments in mathematics. He was a master of continued fractions, one of his being the Riemann series which many mathematicians are struggling to perfect. He also worked out the elliptic integrals, hypergeometric series, and functional equations of the zeta function with ease. However, his mastery of mathematics wasn't without its challenges, he had only a vague idea of what constitutes proof, doesn't know what the classical theory of quadratic forms is and has just a basic understanding of doubly periodic functions.
Generalizations can often help us learn more about a topic. Next, on this page, you'll find an overview of the pros and cons of Ramanujan's accomplishments. This is just one example of many, his papers were published in English and European journals, and in 1917 he was elected to the Royal Society of London.
In 1917 Ramanujan contracted tuberculosis, but his condition improved sufficiently for him to return to India in 1919. He died the following year, generally unknown to the world at large but recognized by mathematicians as a phenomenal genius, without peers since Leonhard Euler (1707-83) and Carl Jacobi (1804-51).
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