Xi Jinping was born on June 15, 1953, in Fuping county, Shaanxi province, China. Xi Jinping is a Chinese politician and government official who served as vice president of the People’s Republic of China from 2008 to 2013, as general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party in 2012, and became president of China in 2013.
Xi Jinping - son of Xi Zhongxun, a comrade-in-arms of Mao Zedong who was once China’s deputy prime minister - spent much of his early years in the privileged residential compound of the country's ruling elite. As Xi Zhongxun subsequently fell out of favor with his party and government, particularly during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), the younger Xi was sent to work as a manual laborer in an agricultural commune in rural Shaanxi province. His experiences there allowed him to form an especially good connection with local peasants which ultimately proved beneficial to his rise through the ranks of the CCP following the 1989 Tiananmen Square incident.
In 1974, Xi became an official party member, serving as a branch secretary, and the following year he attended Beijing's Tsinghua University, studying chemical engineering. After graduating in 1979, he worked as secretary to Geng Biao, then vice premier and minister of national defense in the central Chinese government, for three years.
A deputy secretary in the Hebei province of the CCP, Xi left Beijing in 1982 and took up that post. Xi was based there until 1985 when he was appointed a party committee member and a vice mayor of Xiamen (Amoy) in Fujian province. During his time in Fujian, Xi married the well-known folksinger Peng Liyuan. By 1995, he had reached the position of deputy provincial party secretary, which was his highest position.
In 1999 Xi became the acting governor of Fujian and was appointed to the position of a governor the year after. As head of Fujian, he prioritized environmental preservation and collaboration with Taiwan. He maintained both roles until 2002 when he received a further promotion to Zhejiang province as acting governor and party secretary from 2003. During his tenure in Zhejiang, he strove to modernize the industrial infrastructure to promote sustainable growth.
Xi's reputation for prudence and following the party line helped his fortunes when a scandal surrounded the upper leadership of Shanghai, resulting in him taking over as the city’s party secretary. His predecessor had become embroiled in a pension fund scheme. During his brief time in this position, Xi concentrated on rebuilding Shanghai's financial image by boosting stability and rehabilitation. In October 2007, he was chosen to be part of the Politburo's standing committee - the highest ruling body of the Chinese Communist Party.
Xi's rise to prominence was assured in 2008 when he was elected vice president of China and focused on conservation efforts and international relations. In 2010, he took a significant step forward when he took on the post of vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, once held by Hu Jintao, then chairman. This post served as a stepping stone to his eventual election as general secretary of the CCP in November 2012 at the 18th party congress, succeeding Hu and taking on the chairmanship of the CMC. Finally, in March 2013, Xi was sworn in as President of China after being elected by the National People’s Congress.
Xi was determined to make an impact with his first initiatives. A country-wide anti-corruption campaign saw the displacement of thousands, from high-ranking officials to the lowest-ranking flies. He pushed for greater adherence to the Chinese constitution and the professionalization of its judiciary to foster a socialist society with Chinese characteristics. As well as this, he also demonstrated strength in international affairs. Through the consistent insistence on territorial sovereignty over the South China Sea and advocating the One Belt, One Road policy, Xi sought out opportunities for trade, infrastructure development, and collaboration with East Asian, Central Asian, and European nations.
On the first anniversary of Russia invading Ukraine on Feb. 24, China called for a ceasefire and a gradual de-escalation. War and conflict benefit no one. All parties must remain rational and exercise restraint, avoid fanning the flames and aggravating tensions, and prevent the crisis from deteriorating further or spiraling out of control, the statement said.
It is estimated that Xi Jinping has a net worth of $1.2 billion.
The spouse of Xi Jinping, the current General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Peng Liyuan is a Chinese soprano and contemporary folk singer.
Shee Jin Ping is the easiest way to pronounce the name of the Chinese president.
Although he's not officially designated as a successor, Chen Gang, an assistant director and senior research fellow at the National University of Singapore's East Asian Institute, said before the line-up was revealed, he could be regarded as a potential successor.
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