Abraham Lincoln, who went by his birth name without any middle name honoring his paternal grandfather, is known throughout history as a true rags-to-riches story. His perseverance and hard work saw him ascend to the position of 16th President of the United States, making him one of the greatest political leaders in history.
His background as a lawyer gave him an advantage when leading the country through the American Civil War, he was renowned for his impeccable integrity and strength of character while performing all of his presidential duties. He was also acknowledged for successfully ending slavery during his rule.
Isaac Newton was a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. He was born on Christmas Day, 1642. Galileo Galilei died the same year at Arcetri near Florence. Newton later picked up his notion of a mathematical science of motion and completed his work.
When Newton was born without a father, he was a tiny and weak baby who was not expected to survive. His mother died shortly after his birth, and his father remarried within two years; he died when Newton reached Cambridge in 1661. As he arrived right at the beginning of the Scientific Revolution, many of the foundational books of science had already been published.
Jesus was both a religious leader and a god. He was the male son of God and the religious figurehead for Christianity. As such, he is revered by many people who are Christian, which makes it the world's most popular religion.
Throughout history, the book "The Jesus chronicles" has been translated into the world's most widely-available work. The life narrative of Jesus is among the most well-known stories, such as his birth. The Christian faith is practiced by 33% of the world's population, which means that for 33% of the world's population, Jesus is the most important person. Islamic countries make up about 21% of the world's population, of which 54 percent follow Islam.
Muslims find importance in Jesus not just because they follow Islam but also because they recount and reference him in their Qur'an. Atheists and agnostics are aware of Christ and his life - Christianity has played a large role in shaping Western civilization and remains one of its foremost cultural aspects today. The depictions and portrayals of Jesus are among the most well-known images globally.
Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha (which means "the enlightened one") was born in Nepal. He is respected in many Asian countries as the founder of Buddhism and a spiritual teacher.
The word buddha has had many meanings in India. While it is most commonly associated with Buddhism, associating it with that tradition isn't entirely accurate. The Buddha's followers are credited with building the faith that was originally known as Buddhism. According to some Buddhist traditions, there haven't been any new Buddhas in a while, and future ones will be created only during certain periods. Other traditions state that all beings have a Buddha nature and can eventually become Buddhas themselves.
Confucius was a social philosopher and thinker. He founded Confucianism, which has influenced the way people have thought and lived throughout China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, and Indonesia. Confucius was born about 551 BCE, and he is best known for his teachings about education and family life. He is considered to be one of the founders of China's political philosophy and teaching style that lasts today. His philosophy also helped lay the foundation for centralized governments in Southeast Asia.
The idea of the person who is regarded as the greatest Chinese teacher, Confucius, went through a lot during his life. He was born in China around the close of the spring and autumn period (770-481 BC). His family home was in Lu, which is now in the southeast region of China. Over time, this regional state became connected to the imperial court through history, culture, and familial connections (dating back to when Zhou kings' relatives were enfeoffed as heads of regional states) and moral responsibilities.
Paul of Tarsus was an early Christian missionary who became the first to preach Christianity outside of Palestine and spread the gospel. He is traditionally considered one of the most important figures in Christianity, estimated to have written at least 24 out of 27 books in the New Testament.
Seven of the thirteen books in the New Testament are attributed to Paul, while just under half of Acts is devoted to telling his story. As a result, over half of the New Testament was either dictated by Paul or influenced by him directly.
Cai Lun is credited with inventing paper. A Chinese political officer, Cai Lun is credited with the creation of the process for making paper. And now, without it, the world would be lost.
CaiLun was a eunuch who joined the imperial palace staff in 75 CE and rose through the ranks to become head eunuch under the Dong (Eastern) Han dynasty's emperor Hedi (reigned 88-105/106) in the year 89. Cai came up with making sheets of paper consisting of macerated tree bark, hemp waste, old rags, and fishnets about the year 105. The resulting paper was superior in writing quality to pure silk fabric (at the time's primary writing surface), was far less expensive to create, and had more plentiful sources. Cai informed the emperor of his discoveries, who praised him. In the year 114, Cai was made a marquess.
Johannes Gutenberg, a German printer, created the mechanical printing press. His innovation ushered in the European Printing Revolution and revolutionized human history. It was recognized by modern scholars as a milestone of the millennium, ushering humanity into a new era.
Gutenberg revolutionized printing by introducing a machine that made books widely available and ushered in an information revolution. He created metal alloys that could melt easily and cool quickly to form durable types for metal presses, oil-based ink to adhere well to metals and transfer well to vellum or paper, and a press adapted from the wine, oil, and paper production technology of his day. The impact of Gutenberg’s innovative printing technology was so far-reaching that it became the standard for all European printing for centuries.
Christopher Columbus was the navigator who made Europeans aware of the geography of the new world continent. He sailed to explore and colonize America in 1492.
In the 1990s, there were many articles written about Columbus and an increased focus on the perspectives of archaeologists and anthropologists. The shift in perspective sparked a lot of discussions. There was also significant movement in points of view, with Europeans no longer being the dominant voices.
According to the traditional view, Columbus' discovery of America was a tremendous victory. But, this source stresses the terrible impact of European conquest on indigenous peoples in the Caribbean and America and outlines how Columbus is no longer seen as the hero that we once glorified. Politicians on all ends of the spectrum have gotten involved in this issue, making it even more difficult to reconcile these opposing viewpoints.
Even if you haven’t heard of Albert Einstein before, he would still be one of the most well-known scientists in the world. He was a theoretical physicist who was born in Germany and his theory of relativity influenced many people. His equation E=mc2 even helped to determine quantum theory. With his brilliance, Einstein became one of the world's most acclaimed physicists.
The scientist's equation, E = mc2, is so well-known that even people who don't really understand what it means are familiar with it. Albert Einstein derives credit for inventing the general theory of relativity and the photoelectric effect. He won a Nobel Prize in physics in 1921.
Einstein tried to unify all the forces of nature into one principle or theory, and he was still working on his ideas when he died. He was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany. That city has a population today of about 120,000 people. There is a small plaque where his house used to be (it was destroyed during World War II).
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