The Hindu god Krishna, the eighth avatar of the God Vishnu, is revered as a supreme being. Born in northern India (around 3,228 BCE), Krishna's life marks the end of the Dvapara era and the beginning of the Kal Yuga.
Several Hindu mythological books, especially the epic Mahabharata, mention Lord Krishna.
Lord Krishna is also an important figure in the Bhagavata Purana, another Hindu epic dating back to the 10th century B.C. In the text, Lord Krishna is described as the charioteer for the warrior Arjuna who had guided him morally and provided military advice to the leader.
Krishna has blue or blue-black skin, holds a flute (bansuri), and sometimes is accompanied by a cow or cowherd. Krishna is also known by many other names, including Govinda, Madhusudhana, Vasudeva, and Mukunda.
He is also depicted in the books as a child who steals butter and plays playful pranks.
When Mother Earth was unable to stand the sins and cruelty committed by evil kings and rulers, she prayed to Lord Brahma, the creator of the Universe, for relief from these sinful kings. Upon praying to Lord Vishnu for reincarnation and to rid Mother Earth of these evil rulers, Lord Brahma received his reincarnation request and assured him that tyrannical forces would be defeated.
An evil king from Mathura, Kansa, had a sister named Devaki, who was married to Vasudeva. A voice from the sky predicted that Devaki's eighth son would bring an end to Kansa's rule and kill him.
Seeing their first seven children being killed by Kansa, the imprisoned couple feared giving birth to their eighth child.
In the form of their son, Lord Vishnu appeared before them one night, telling them that he would return and rescue them from Kansa's autocracy.
Lord Vishnu removed all obstacles from Vasudeva's path on the day the divine baby was born. Vasudeva ran away with the infant to a safer house, and Vishnu freed him from prison.
Vasudeva reached a house in Gokul, exchanged Lord Krishna with a newborn girl of Yashoda and Nanda, and returned to the prison with the child. As soon as Kansa found out about the newborn, he again tried to kill him. As the infant ascends to the heavens, Yogamaya transforms into the goddess, saying, O foolish Kansa! What will you get by killing me? Your nemesis has already been created.
In the meantime, Krishna grew up as a cowherd in Gokul and became a skilled musician. After returning to Mathura, he killed Kansa and restored his father to power.
Arjuna, the Pandava prince, became Krishna's friend and counsel. Lord Krishna also became Arjuna's charioteer during the Kurukshetra war between the Pandavas and Kauravas (led by King Dhritarashtra). Despite the provocations of the Kauravas, Sri Krishna avoided the battle.
Sri Krishna offered Arjuna a choice - either to choose Sri Krishna or to choose Krishna's armies. Arjuna chose Sri Krishna's counsel.
As a result of the war, Sri Krishna gave the immortal dialogue of the Bhagavad Gita on the battlefield of Kurukshetra. In addition to describing how one can seek union with God, the Bhagavad Gita encouraged world acceptance rather than world renunciation.
Bhagavad Gita and Sri Krishna's life made spirituality accessible to ordinary people. Their central message was to engage in desireless action - motivated not by ego but by a deep sense of purpose.
As a result, Lord Krishna is considered the creator of the entire world and was born to save humanity from terrible rulers and kings.
The Hindu calendar celebrates Janmashtami on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksh, the eighth day of the dark fortnight in the month of Bhadon, the birthday of Lord Krishna.
It Is Better To Live Your Own Destiny Imperfectly Than To Live An Imitation Of Somebody Else’s Life With Perfection. Lord Krishna
The Only Way You Can Conquer Me Is Through Love, And There I Am Gladly Conquered. – Lord Krishna
Do Everything You Have To Do, But Not With Ego, Not With Lust, Not With Envy, But With Love, Compassion, Humility, And Devotion. – Lord Krishna
Why Do You Worry Unnecessarily? Whom Do You Fear? Who Can Kill You? The Soul Is Neither Born Nor Dies. – Lord Krishna
In Hindu legend, the bansuri is revered as Krishna's divine instrument and is often associated with the Rasa Lila dance. This wind instrument is sometimes called the murali in these legends.
Nand ke anand bhayo, Jai Kanhaiya Lal ki.
My dear Kanhaiya, O flute player.
Achchutam Keshav Krishna Damodaran, Ram Narayan Janaki Ballabham.
Shyam teri bansi pukare Radha naam.
Kabhee raam banake, kabhee shyaam banake.
Chhotee chhotee gaiya, chhote chhote gvaal.
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