Maa Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess of fortune, wealth, beauty, fertility, and prosperity.
Maa Lakshmi is associated with Maya (illusion). With Parvati and Saraswati, she forms the Tridevi of goddesses. Within the Shaktism sect, Lakshmi is seen as the prosperity aspect of the Mother goddess. She is both Vishnu’s divine energy and his wife and helps him to create, protect, and transform the universe in Vaishnavism. Meanwhile, her importance in Shri Vaishnavism emphasizes that devotion to her is key to reaching Vishnu. Whenever Vishnu incarnates on Earth, Lakshmi accompanies him as his companion. Sita and Radha were consorts to Rama and Krishna respectively.
The eight forms of Lakshmi or Ashtalakshmi symbolize eight types of wealth. Ashtalakshmi represent eight forms of financial abundance.In Indian art, Lakshmi is often depicted as an elegantly dressed woman with a golden hue, sitting in a padmasana position on a lotus throne. She holds a lotus in her hand, symbolizing abundance, wisdom, and spiritual freedom. Her iconography usually shows her with four arms that stand for the four widely-valued aspects of Hindu culture, dharma, Kama, Artha, and Moksha.
The Lakshmi Sahasranama from the Skanda Purana and other texts like the Lakshmi Tantra and Markandeya Purana describes her as having either eight or eighteen hands while sitting on Garuda (an eagle), lion, or tiger. According to the Lakshmi Tantra manuscript, the embodiment of greatness called Mahasri has four golden arms and carries a citron (lemon-like fruit), club, shield, and a vessel containing divine nectar. The Skanda Purana and Venkatachala Mahatmyam praise Lakshmi as Brahma's mother.
As early as the 1st millennium BCE, ancient coins and archaeological discoveries suggest Lakshmi was revered and recognized. It is believed that Lakshmi's iconography and statues were found in Hindu temples throughout Southeast Asia during the second half of the first millennium CE. Lakshmi Puja is celebrated during Navaratri, and Deepavali and Sharad Purnima (Kojagiri Purnima) are also celebrated in her honor.
On Deepavali (Diwali), the festival of lights, Hindus worship Lakshmi. It is celebrated in autumn, usually in October or November each year. Light wins over darkness, knowledge wins over ignorance, good wins over evil, and hope wins over despair at this festival. Before Deepavali night, people get their homes and offices ready by cleaning, renovating, and decorating. On this night, Hindus wear their best garments or new clothes, light up Diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, and offer prayers to Lakshmi. After the worship of Lakshmi is complete, fireworks are let off and followed by a feast with mithai (sweets) along with the exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Deepavali is known to be a joyous festival when it comes to shopping due to the symbolism of Lakshmi implying luck, wealth, and abundance for Hindus.
The Chaitra Shukla Panchami, also known as Lakshmi Panchami, Shri Panchami, Kalpadi, and Shri Vrata, is a very sacred day for worshipping Goddess Lakshmi. As this worship occurs during the first week of the Hindu new year, it is considered highly auspicious by the Hindu calendar. Hindu wives celebrate Varalakshmi Vratam to pray for their husband's well-being.
Gaja Lakshmi Puja, also known as Sharad Purnima or Kojaagari/Kuanr Purnima, is a festive occasion celebrated in many parts of India on the full-moon day of Ashvin (October). This harvest festival marks the end of the monsoon season and includes a customary Kaumudi celebration, which pertains to moonlight. People thank and worship goddess Lakshmi for their bountiful harvests and observe Vaibhav Lakshmi Vrata on Fridays for good fortune.
Maatu Lakshmi Kari Kripa, Hridaya Mein Vaas
Manokamna Siddha Kari, Paruvahu Meri Aas
Yahi Mor Ardas,Hath Jod Vinati karun
Sab Vidhi Karau Suvas, Jai Janani Jagadambika
Sindhu suta Main Sumirun Tohi, Gyan Budhi Vidya do mohi
Tum saman nahin koi upkaari, Sab Vidhi purvahh aas hamari
Jai Jai Jai Janani Jagdamba, Sabki tum he ho avlamba
Tum ho sab ghat ghat ki vasi, Vinti yahi hamari khasi
Jag janani jai sindhu kumari, Deenan ki tum ho hitkari
Binvo nit tum maharani, Kripa karo jag-janani bhawani
Kehi vidhi astuti karoon tihari, Sudhi leejay apradh bisari
Kripa drishti chitvo mum ori, Jag janani vinti sun mori
Gyan budhi sab sukh kee data, Sankat haro hamari mata
Ksheer sindhu jab Vishnu mathayo, Chaudah ratna sindhu may payo
Chaudah rattan me tum sukh rasi, Seva kiyo prabhu ban dasi
Jo jo janam prabhu jahan leenha, Roop badal tahan seva keena
Svayam Vishnu jab nar tanu dhara, Leenyo avadhpuri avatara
Tab tum prakat janakpur manhee, Seva kiyo hriday pulkahi
Apnayo tohi antaryami, Vishwa vidhit tribhuvan ke swami
Tum sam prabal shakti nahin aani, Kahnlau mahima kaho bakhani
Man kram vachan karay sevakayee, Man ichhit vanchit phal payee
Taji chal kapat aur chaturayee, Pujahee Vividh bhaanti man lai
Aur hal mai kahoum bjhuyayee,Jo yeh path karay mun layee
Ta ko koee kasht na hoyee, Mun icchit vanchhit phal payee
Trahi trahi jai dhukh nivarini, Taapbhav bandhan haranee
Jo yah padhey aur padhavay, Dhyan laga kar suney sunavay
Tako koi rog na satavey, Puttarad dhan sampatti pavey
Puttarheen aru sampatiheena, Andha vadhr koree ati deena
Vippra bolayay key path kara, Shanka dil mein kabhi na lavai
Path karavay din chalisa, Tapar kripa karein gaurisha
Sukh sampati bahut see pavay, Kami nahi kaho kea aaway
Barah maas karai jo puja, Taihi sam dhanya aur nahi duja
Pratidin path karaai man mahi, Un sum koi jag main kahun nahi
Bahu vidhii kya main karoon barayee, Lay pariksha dhyan lagayee
Kari vishvas karaye vrat ma, Hoya siddh upjai ur prema
Jai jai jai lakshmi bhawani, Sab main vyapit ho gunkhani
Tumharo tej prabal jag mahi, Tum sam kohoo dayal kohu nahee
Mohi anath ki sudhi ab leejai, Sankat kaati bhakti mohi deejay
Bhool chook kari kshama hamari, Darshan deejay dasha nihari
Bin darshan vyakul adhikari, Tumhi achchat dukh sahtay bhari
Nahin mohihn gyan buddhi hai man mein, Sab janat ho apney man main
Roop chaturbhuj karkey dharan, Kasht moor ab karhu nivaran
Kehi prakar main karoo barayee, Gyan buddhi mohi nahi adhikaji
Ramdas ab kahayi pukari, Karo door tum vipatti hamari
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata, Maiya Jai Lakshmi Mata
Tumko Nishdin Sevat, Har Vishnu Dhyavat. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
Uma Rama Bharmani, Tum Hi Jag Mata
Surya Chandrma Dhyavat Naard Rishee Gata. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
Durga Roop Niranjani, Sukh Sampati Data
Jo Koi Tum Ko Dhayata, Riddhi Siddhi Pata. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
Tum Patal Nivasini, Tum Hi Shubh Data
Karam-Prabhav-Prakashini, Bhav Nidhi Ki Trata. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
Jis Ghar Main Tum Rahti, Sab Sadgun Aata
Maiyaa sab Sadgun Aata, Sub Sambhav Ho Jata Man Nahi Ghabrata. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
Tum Bin Yagya Na Hove, Vastra No Koi Pata
Khan-Pana Ka Vaibhav, Sub Tumse Pata. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
Shubhgun Mandir Sundar, Sheerodadhi Jata
Ratan Chaturdhsh Tum Bin, Koi Nahi Pata. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
Mahalakshmi Ji Ki Aarti, Jo Koi Jan Gata
pur Anand Samata, Pap Utar Jata. Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
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